Gender and Education

There are over forty major ethnic groups in Kenya, each with their own distinct cultural practices. Yet, they all share in common barriers to the education of the girl child. These barriers are based in patriarchal values and practices which reinforce male privileges in their communities.

Munyao, W, L. (2013). Gender issues affecting the girl child in Kenya. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 125-129, February 2013.

Themes: girl child and education, male preference, female genital mutilation, sexual abuse, child labour, early marriage

Summary: This article examines the experiences of Kenyan children with special emphasis on the girl child. The Kenya girl child is adversely affected by gender issues ranging from female genital mutilation, early marriage, girl child school dropout due to male preference and financial constraints, sexual abuse and gender based d

Daniel, Kasomo. (2009). Factors militating against the education of girls. A case study Kenya. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 1 (7) pp. 116-123, November, 2009.

Themes: barriers to education of the girl child, early sexual contact and pregnancy, peer pressure and parental attitudes, school fees, drug addiction, boarding schools, bursaries and scholarships

Summary: This research outlines the factors militating against the education of girls in the eastern provinces of  Keny, where girls have low education rates and occupational aspirations. Educational advancement is hindered by early pregnancy, peer pressure, school fees, lack of parental guidance and counselling, drug addiction and intimate boy/girl relationships. The study recommends awareness campaigns to sensitize all stakeholders on the importance of education, especially of the girl child, and the creation of boarding schools, targeted bursaries and scholarships.

Eliza Johannes. (2010). Women’s Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Obstacles facing women and girls access to education: The case of Kenya. Kenya Studies Review Volume 1 Number 2, pp. 57-71,December 2010.

Themes: sub-Sahara Africa and education, gender and education, parental and teachers’ attitudes, international community

Summary:This article seeks to analyze the issues of gender and education inequalities in two East African countries, Kenya and Tanzania. The article focuses on girls’ access to primary schools and the hardships that keeps them from enrolling in secondary schools. It examines obstacles, parents and teachers attitudes towards girls’ education. A brief description of gender and education inequalities in Sub-Saharan Africa as a whole is provided.


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Professor Jean Golden Ryerson University


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