Education of Girls leads to improvement in all the other UN Millennium Development Goals.

Environmental Sustainability and Global Partnerships for Development


7environmentGoal Seven: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

Target 7.A:  Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources.

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  • More than 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources since 1990, exceeding the MDG target.
  • While almost 2 billion more people now have access to proper sanitation than in 1990, 2.5 billion still do not have access to toilets or latrines.
  • An estimated 863 million people reside in slums in developing countries.
  • Global carbon dioxide emissions have increased by more than 46 percent since 1990.
  • Nearly one-third of marine fish stocks have been over exploited and the world’s fisheries can no longer produce maximum sustainable yields.
  • More species are at risk of extinction despite an increase in protected areas.
  • Forests, particularly in South America and Africa are disappearing at an alarming rate.


Where water sources are not readily accessible, women and girls often bear the burden of collection and must walk long distances to satisfy household needs. With improved access to safe drinking water, women have more time to earn income, girls are more likely to attend school, family health and hygiene are improved, and women suffer less from the burden of carrying heavy loads.

Without title to land, women are often denied access to technologies and resources– such as water resources, irrigation services, credit, extension, and seed– that strengthen their capacity to manage natural resources (of which they are often the primary users as farmers and household managers) in a more sustainable manner.

Women are disproportionately affected by extreme weather resulting from climate change and their voices must be included, both in household and political decision.-making

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8globalpartnershipGoal Eight: Global Partnership for Development

Target 8.A: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system

Target 8.B: Address the special needs of least developed countries

Target 8.C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States

Target 8.D: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries

Target 8.E: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries

Target 8.F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.

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  • Official development assistance stood at $126 billion in 2012.
  • A total of 83 per cent of least developed country exports enter developed countries duty-free.
  • In 2012, trade of developing countries and transition economies outpaced the world
  • In the developing world, 31 per cent of the population use the Internet, compared with 77 per cent of the developed world.


In 2010–2011, out of a total of $91.9 billion of sector-allocable aid, $20.5 billion focused on the achievement of gender equality and women’s empowerment.
More men than women are using the Internet. Globally, 37 per cent of all women are online, compared to 41 per cent of all men. The gender gap is more pronounced in the developing world, where 29 per cent of women use the Internet, compared with 33 per cent of men.

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Education of the Girl Child

History of Girls’ Education in Kenya

Gender Issues and Education in Kenya

Female Genital Mutilation and Education in Kenya

Education and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals 2015

UN MDGs 2 & 3

UN MDGs 1 & 4

UN MDGs 5 & 6

UN MDGs 7 & 8

*Icons and Fact Sheets courtesy of the United Nations Millennium Goals


Website: J Golden

Research Asst: H Sadkowski

& P Haastrup

Site Design: W Cudlip

Photos: J Golden, Ryerson University

& N Cole 


Professor Jean Golden Ryerson University


Site Designer: Walt Cudlip



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